Zoonotic Diseases

Diseases discussed here have a history of use as an agent for biological warfare, either in the U.S. or abroad. Its use may have been experimental or actual, and any detrimental consequences upon humans, animals or the environment may have been intentional or not, depending on the circumstances, the point in time, and the nature of the disease.

Sunday, August 8, 2010


Korean hemorrhagic fever (Hantavirus) was one of three hemorrhagic fevers and one of more than a dozen agents that the United States researched as potential biological weapons before suspending its biological weapons program; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hantavirus

A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Thu 5 Aug 2010
Source: Herald.net [edited

An Everett, Washington, man who was sickened with [a] hantavirus
[infection] earlier this summer is a reminder to take care when
camping or sweeping or cleaning at home, public health officials say.
The man, who is in his 40s, is recovering from the virus [infection]
he acquired while camping in central Washington. The man's case is
thought to have occurred in late June [2010]. No further information,
such as whether the man was hospitalized, was immediately available,
said Suzanne Pate, spokeswoman.

Hantavirus[es] are spread by inhaling dust from droppings, urine or
nesting materials of infected deer mice [_Peromyscus maniculatus_].
Initially it causes symptoms such as fatigue, fever and muscle aches.
It can progress to cause shortness of breath, and can kill.

The Snohomish County man is thought to be the 2nd case reported so
far this year in Washington, Pate said. A King County patient was
recently hospitalized with [a] hantavirus [infection] and then
discharged, she said.

Typically, 1-5 cases are reported in the state each year. [A]
Hantavirus can occur anywhere in the state because mice are found
throughout Washington, said Mary Small, a spokeswoman for the
Chelan-Douglas Health District, the area of the state where the
Everett man was camping.

Nationally, 534 hantavirus [infection] cases have been reported, more
than 500 of which have occurred since 1993, according to the federal
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 36 percent of all cases
have resulted in death.

Health officials say the risk of getting the virus can be reduced by
airing out cabins, checking for signs of rodent infestation and
disinfecting cabins or shelters before sleeping in them. Instead of
sweeping or vacuuming, spray areas with a mix of 1 1/2 cups of bleach
to a gallon of water.

[Byline: Sharon Salyer]

Communicated by:

[Although several hantaviruses occur in North America that can cause
human disease, the hantavirus involved in this case is not stated,
but very likely is Sin Nombre virus.

A photograph of a deer mouse (_Peromyscus maniculatus_), the main
reservoir rodent host of Sin Nombre virus, is available at

Maps showing the location of Washington state in the northwestern USA
can be accessed at

and a map showing the location of Snohomish county in wester
Washington can be accessed at

and the HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map of the USA at
. - Mod.TY]

[see also:
Hantavirus update 2010 - Americas (03): USA (CO) 20100129.0316
Hantavirus update 2009 - Americas (12): USA, pediatric 20091223.4323
Hantavirus update 2009 - Americas (11): USA (CA) 20091214.4245
Hantavirus update 2009 - Americas (10): USA (NM) 20090918.3281
Hantavirus update 2009 - Americas (08): USA (NM, AZ) 20090708.2452
Hantavirus update 2009 - Americas (06): USA (NM) 20090511.1753
Hantavirus update 2008 - Americas (22): USA (NM), Chile ex Arg.:
susp 20081206.3836
Hantavirus update 2008 - Americas (09): USA (CO) 20080609.1828
Hantavirus update 2008 - Americas (07): USA (CO) 20080512.1613
Hantavirus update 2008 - Americas (05): USA (CO) 20080310.0970
Hantavirus update 2008 - Americas (04): USA (NM) 20080308.0957]

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