Zoonotic Diseases

Diseases discussed here have a history of use as an agent for biological warfare, either in the U.S. or abroad. Its use may have been experimental or actual, and any detrimental consequences upon humans, animals or the environment may have been intentional or not, depending on the circumstances, the point in time, and the nature of the disease.

Monday, July 19, 2010

Cuba a World Leader in Bio-Medics, Bio-WMD's

..and we (U.S.)are about to "make friends" (allies) of them;

Canada down with the plan too, ...urges US to lift Cuban embargo; http://www.presstv.ir/detail.aspx?id=91878§ionid=351020701

Bill to lift travel restrictions to Cuba passes first hurdle;

Cuba's Institute of Tropical Medicine;

Only just one of Cuba's world-class facilities, this Institute has, among other agents, conducted extensive research on yellow fever. Yellow fever is a viral disease that has caused large epidemics in the world. Infection causes a wide spectrum of disease, from mild symptoms to severe illness and death. The yellow in the name is explained by the jaundice that affects some patients. The disease is caused by the yellow fever virus, which belongs to the flavivirus group.

The virus remains silent in the body during an incubation period of three to six days. There are two disease phases. Those patients who enter into the second phase or toxic phase develop jaundice, bleeding, kidney function deteriorates. Half of the patients in the toxic phase die within 10 days.

A weaponized yellow fever virus produces a strong strain of what is known as urban yellow fever. There is no specific treatment for yellow fever. Prevention is through vaccination. There are other tropical disease that could be used as bioweapons, such as: malaria, dracunculiasis, filariasis, leishmaniasis, dengue, dengue hemorrhagic fever.

In the link below is a rather long-winded but important Study of the history of Cubas growth in the production of Bio-Genetics and Biological Weapons of Mass Destruction; http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/news/cuba/oagmc028.htm

NOW READ THIS;Just in today

A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Mon 19 Jul 2010
Source: World Health Organization Global Alert and Response [edited]

On 25 Jun 2010, Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF) reported a suspected
case of yellow fever [YF] in Titule, Base Ouele district of Orientale
province (northern part of the country). Between March and June 2010,
11 other suspected cases were reported, including 2 deaths.

The index case was identified as a 43-year-old male farmer who
presented with clinical symptoms of fever, jaundice and haematuria
(blood in urine). The onset date of his illness was 15 Mar 2010, and
he died a few days later. He had no history of yellow fever
vaccination. Laboratory tests conducted by the Institut National de
Recherche Medicale (INRB) in Kinshasa showed IgM positive by ELISA
test and was confirmed by the regional reference laboratory for
yellow fever at the Institut Pasteur in Dakar, Senegal with more
specific tests (plaque reduction neutralization test or PRNT).

Following identification of the index case (the 43-year-old male), an
investigation is being conducted in the town, inhabited by some 17
000 people, for the purpose of determining the scope of the outbreak
response and to prepare for emergency vaccination.

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among Africa's yellow fever
endemic countries and, in 2003, introduced yellow fever vaccine in
the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) for all children at 9
months of age. The DRC has not yet benefited from preventive
vaccination campaigns.

Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Marianne Hopp

[The 12 YF cases raise the question of whether these cases represent
infections from the sylvan transmission cycle from mosquitoes feeding
on YF virus infected non-human primates or the urban,
human-mosquito-human cycle. The absence of any additional cases after
June 2010 suggests that ongoing YF virus transmission to humans may
have ended. Any additional information from this area would be of

A map showing the location of Titule, Haut-Congo can be accessed at
A map of the provinces of the DRC can be accessed at
A HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map of the DRC can be accessed at
. - Mod.TY]

[see also:
Yellow fever - Africa (04): Congo DR, susp., RFI 20080607.1815]

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