Zoonotic Diseases

Diseases discussed here have a history of use as an agent for biological warfare, either in the U.S. or abroad. Its use may have been experimental or actual, and any detrimental consequences upon humans, animals or the environment may have been intentional or not, depending on the circumstances, the point in time, and the nature of the disease.

Tuesday, July 20, 2010


A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Tue 13 Jul 2010
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database)
reports, 2010 [edited]

Anthrax, Slovakia
Information received on (and dated) 13 Jul 2010 from Mr Jan
Pliesovsky, Chief Veterinary Officer, State Veterinary and Food
Administration, Ministry of Agriculture, Bratislava, Slovakia

Report type: immediate notification
Start date: 9 Jul 2010
Date of 1st confirmation of the event: 9 Jul 2010
Report date: 13 Jul 2010
Date submitted to OIE: 13 Jul 2010
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 1995
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: _Bacillus anthracis_
Nature of diagnosis: laboratory (basic), laboratory (advanced), necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country

New outbreaks
Outbreak 1 (2010/1): Sobos, Svidnik, Presov
Date of start of the outbreak: 9 Jul 2010
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: farm
Affected animals
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Destroyed /
Cattle / 120 / 7 / 7 / 7 / 0

Summary of outbreaks:
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak statistics
Species / Apparent morbidity rate / Apparent mortality rate /
Apparent case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 5.83 percent / 5.83 percent / 100.00 percent / 11.67 percent
* Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction,
and/or slaughter

Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive

Control measures
Measures applied: quarantine; disinfection of infected
premises/establishment(s); no vaccination; no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: no other measures

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type: State Veterinary and Food Institute (SVFI),
Dolny Kubin (national laboratory)
Tests and results: Species / Test / Test date / Result
Cattle / bacteriological examination / 9 Jul 2010 / positive

Future reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

Map of outbreak locations
Location of current outbreaks [go to site map and klick on map to zoom in.]

Communicated by:

[The last livestock outbreak in Slovakia involved 3 cattle in a
single outbreak in 1995. Since then it has been very quiet. Cattle
vaccination petered out around 2000.

In the old Czechoslovak Republic there was a single case in 1988; the
Czechs have not reported any outbreaks since independence in 1993 and
have long not reported any vaccination activity. However, there was a
Slovak human case in 2003, the cause of which was not clear.

This OIE report is classically brief to the point of being all but
uninformative. If any of our members in Slovakia can enlighten us as
to the possible source of this outbreak it would be appreciated. That
7 animals were afflicted is just a simple reflection of this disease
being lost to veterinary memory, awareness, and immediate suspicion
with unexpected deaths. This happens in both branches of medicine,
human and veterinary.

If I were in charge of this outbreak, I would make sure that the
other 113 animals were vaccinated immediately, and that this would be
repeated annually for the next 3 years. A simple and inexpensive
insurance against a resurgence. And to check the neighbouring herds
to make sure that they had not had any unreported deaths in the past
week or so. Farmers like to lean on their fences watching the goings
on next door but silent about events in their own pastures. - Mod.MHJ]

[The HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map of Slovakia is available at
. - Sr.Tech.Ed.MJ]

ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports that
are posted, but the accuracy and completeness of the
information, and of any statements or opinions based
thereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks in
using information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISID
and its associated service providers shall not be held
responsible for errors or omissions or held liable for any
damages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon posted
or archived material.
Donate to ProMED-mail. Details available at:

Visit ProMED-mail's web site at .
Send all items for posting to: promed@promedmail.org (NOT to
an individual moderator). If you do not give your full name
name and affiliation, it may not be posted. You may unsub-
scribe at .
For assistance from a human being, send mail to:

No comments:

Post a Comment