Zoonotic Diseases

Diseases discussed here have a history of use as an agent for biological warfare, either in the U.S. or abroad. Its use may have been experimental or actual, and any detrimental consequences upon humans, animals or the environment may have been intentional or not, depending on the circumstances, the point in time, and the nature of the disease.

Sunday, July 18, 2010


A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

[1] CCHF in Stavropol
Date: Wed 14 Jul 2010
Source: Yugo News agency [in Russian, trans. Corr.ATS, edited]

The epidemic season for Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF)
continues in the Stavropol oblast. The cumulative number of cases was
25 in the oblast this year [2010] so far. The 1st case was a man who
removed ticks from cattle with his bare hands and crushed them.

According to Rospotrebnadzor (the Federal Agency for Consumer
Protection and Welfare), CCHF cases were recorded in 11 regions
[rayons] of the Stavropol oblast. Most cases occurred in the
Ipatovski and Neftekumski regions.

There have been 8000 reports of tick bites. A survey revealed that
only 5 percent of ticks were CCHF virus carriers, but this is a
significantly greater number than recorded in 2009.

Communicated by:

[2] CCHF in Astrakhan
Date: Fri 9 Jul 2010
Source: Interfax-Russia News Agency [In Russian, trans. Corr.ATS, edited]

The Astrakhan Ministry of Health has given details of 6 cases of
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) this year [2010], including
one fatal case. Three cases were recorded in the Privoljskoe region
[rayon], including the single fatal case. One case each was recorded
in Astrakhan, Narimanovskoe and Chernoyarskoe rayons.

The tick population is estimated to be 1.3 times larger this year
[2010] in comparison with last year. More than 1000 people sought
medical attention as a result of tick bites.

Communicated by:

[3] CCHF in Volgograd
Date: Tue 13 Jul 2010
Source: Rodnoi Gorod [in Russian, trans. Corr.ATS, edited]

A total of 725 people applied for medical help in the Volgograd
oblast this year [2010]. However, of these, only 3 became infected
with CCHF [virus]. Last year [2009], 770 people suffered tick bites,
and none of them contracted CCHF virus infection.

Communicated by:

[4] CCHF in Rostov
Date: Thu 8 Jul 2010
Source: Yushnyi Region [in Russian, trans. Corr.ATS, edited]

The head epidemiologist for the South Federal Okrug in the Russian
Ministry of Health has provided some information about the incidence
of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever [CCHF] in the region. He announced
that the peak of morbidity is expected during June and July. In
total, 11 cases of CCHF have been registered in the Rostov oblast so
far this year [2010].

All the south regions of Russia are endemic for CCHF except for the
Krasnodar Krai. However, there has been one suspected case there
which is still being investigated. Currently, 8 people have been
hospitalized for suspected CCHF.

Overall, 62 people were hospitalized with suspected CCHF, but only 11
cases were confirmed.

Communicated by:

[Although CCHF was 1st described in the Crimea in 1944, the disease
is now known to be endemic in many countries in Africa, Europe and
Asia. Its distribution is largely determined by that of the tick
vector. A number of tick genera are capable of becoming infected with
CCHF virus, but the most efficient and common vectors for CCHF appear
to be members of the genus _Hyalomma_.

The interactive map of Russia at can
be used to locate these regions of Russia and to provide individual
maps of each region. The HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map of
Russia can be accessed at: . - Mod.CP]

[see also:
Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Russia: (ST) 20100519.1664
Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Russia (06): (VG) 20090815.2899
Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Russia (05): (ST) 20090620.2267
Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Russia (04): (ST) 20090606.2098
Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Russia: (ST) 20090523.1926
Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Russia (02): (ST) 20090506.1696
Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Russia: (S Fed Dist) 20090316.107]

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